Dbq Fdr and the Great Depression

Topics: Franklin D. Roosevelt, New Deal, Social Security Pages: 8 (2352 words) Published: February 26, 2009
Using your knowledge AND the documents provided write a well-reasoned essay in which you discuss the social, political, and economic impact of FDR's New Deal on American Society.


Document A
Source: Message to congress reviewing the broad objectives accomplishments of the administration. June 8, 1934

On one side of relief we have extended material aid to millions of our fellow citizens. On one side of recovery we have helped to lift agriculture and industry from a condition of utter Prostration. But in addition to these immediate tasks of relief and of recovery, we have properly, necessarily and with overwhelming approval determined to safeguard these tasks by rebuilding many of the structures of our economic life and reorganizing it in order to prevent a recurrence of collapse.


Document B
Source: Clubb, "An Unfortunate Wait"


Document C
Source: Virginia Durr Reflects on the Depressions Lessons, ca. 1930s

Have you ever seen a child with rickets? Shaking as with palsy. No proteins no milk. And the companies pouring milk into gutters. People with nothing to wear and they were plowing cotton. People with nothing to eat, and they killed the pigs. If that wasn’t the craziest system in the world, could you imagine anything more idiotic? This was just insane. And people blamed themselves, not the system. They felt they had been at fault:… "if we hadn’t bought that radio"…… "If we hadn’t bought that old secondhand car".


Document D


Document E
Source: letter to President Roosevelt.

"While more of my people are working than a year ago, the low wages and the rise in the prices of the necessities of life bring about a condition where those who work are little better off than those on relief. To date this problem seems to be increasing in seriousness. When so many people would like to eat better food and wear better clothes, it seems to us that there is something drastically wrong with a plan of procedure which limits production to raise prices. The problem of distribution and the excessive rise in prices from producer to consumer must be solved some day. A real solution of this problem would greatly benefit the working classes. It does seem as if a way could be fond whereby it would be just as profitable for the farmer to produce more and find a ready market because prices are within the range of pocketbooks as for him to produce less and be unable to sell because those who desire his products cannot afford them. After eating hamburger for five years, my people would welcome a diet of pork chops."

Clayton R. Stoddard


Document F
Source: Albany Knickerbocker-Press February 21, 1936


Document G
Source: Walter Procter, Letter to FDR, October 10, 1935

" Things cannot go on indefinitely as they have been. They are bound to reach a breaking point. Human nature can endure much, but it ultimately reaches its limits, and that means revolution. Free men will finally revolt. The American worker-- manual or brain-- is not a dumb, brutalized serf. He is a man. He is emerging from the stage of dumb acquiescence in things as they have been. He is asking why should they continue? How come these conditions? Why should "opportunity" mean only opportunity for the privileged few to exploit the helpless many? What is the way out? The recent "Social Security Legislation" is an attempt to partly meet the situation. A small step, but...
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