dem201

Topics: Traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, Case study Pages: 13 (2664 words) Published: March 12, 2014
Diploma Level 2 Health & Social Care
Living with Dementia Activity & Worksheet

DEM 201: Dementia awareness
Level 2 Unit DEM 201 Dementia awareness
Credit value: 2
Unit aim
The aim of the unit is to enable learners to gain knowledge of what dementia is, the different forms of dementia and how others can have an impact on the individual with dementia. Learning outcomes

There are four learning outcomes to this unit.
The learner will:
1. Understand what dementia is
2. Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia 3. Know the most common types of dementia and their causes
4. Understand factors relating to an individual’s experience of dementia 1: What is dementia?

Learning outcome 1 Assessment criteria 1.1, 1.2, 1.3

Here are ten statements about dementia. Decide which you agree with and which you don’t and be prepared to explain why with your assessor / tutor.

Agree / Disagree
1. People with dementia can’t communicate.

Disagree
2. People with dementia can’t remember what happened in the past. Disagree
3. People with dementia benefit from being involved in meaningful activity. Agree
4. People with dementia have behaviour problems.

Disagree/Agree (many variable factors not a yes or no answer!!) 5. People with dementia may have difficulty understanding what you say. Agree
6. People with dementia like to sit in a chair and watch TV. Disagree
7. People with dementia may struggle with carrying out everyday activities Agree
8. People with dementia have problems with their short-term memory. Agree
9. People with dementia can’t make their own decisions.
Disagree
10. People with dementia find it difficult to make sense of their environment. Disagree/Agree (Many variable factors not a yes or no answer )

Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia.

.
1. Cerebrum is the biggest part of the brain it has a role in memory, language, attention, thought and consciousness. It’s also involved in our senses and movements. 2. The frontal lobe is involved with personality, behaviour and emotions as well as storing long term memories and helping choose between good and bad actions and predicting the consequences of our actions. 3. The temporal lobe helps us to make sense of the things around us, it’s involved in recognising and remembering faces and names and objects and scenes. It’s also involved in language including naming things and remembering words. The temporal lobe also has a role in memories including things that have happened to us inside the temporal lobe is an area named the hippocampus this makes new memories and helps us remember layouts and places. 4. The parietal lobe helps us put things in order for example numbers alphabet calculations etc. It is responsible for ‘body awareness’ E.G knowing where our legs and arms our in relation to the rest of our body it helps recognise and locate things in three dimensions allowing us to do such things as pick up an object. 5. The optical lobe interprets information received through the eyes it determines shapes colours etc. 6. The cerebellum helps control our movements and balance it also plays a role in attention and language.

Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia

Dementia it’s self is not a disease it is a word used to describe a bunch of symptoms relating to the brain and diseases that affect the brain. Many things are mistaken as symptoms of dementia related illness these range from UTI ( urinary tract infections which cause confusion) To those stated above Age related impairment affects the memory which is a symptom Of dementia which is easily mistaken or misdiagnosed. Delirium is easily confused with dementia because many of the symptoms and signs are present in dementia. Depression can affect cognitive function and in elder people this can be mistaken for dementia because the signs depression can show can also be...
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