The Gothic Characteristics in A Rose for Emily
Thesis statement:A Rose for Emily is a perfect combination of gothic form and realistic content, which appears the unique artistic charm. I. Introduction
A. General words about William Faulkner and his A Rose for Emily B. The definition of gothic fiction
C. The development of gothic fiction in modern time II. The gothic characteristics in A Rose for Emily
A. The topic is mainly about murder, dead, violence and necrophilia, which is the "gothic topic" B. The character of Emily is stubborn, eccentric and mysterious, who is involved in "gothic form" C. The description of environment adopts the typical "gothic style" D. The flashback in A Rose for Emily expresses the mysterious atmosphere III. Conclusion: The perfect combination of the gothic form with realistic content in A Rose for Emily Abstract: This paper discusses the creative purpose of A Rose for Emily on the angle of the traditional gothic elements of European and American literature. It points out that William Faulkner uses the gothic characteristics in many aspects, such as topic, hero, environment and plot, etc. Meanwhile, he fills it with fresh air, symbolic meaning and his own emotion. All of these make A Rose for Emily rise at a perfect peak—the combination of gothic form and realistic content, so that the short storyis not only superior to the traditional "Black Romanticism", but superior to the "Realism" in Victoria Age. Key words: William Faulkner, A Rose for Emily, gothic characteristics.
A. General words about William Faulkner and his A Rose for Emily William Faulkner is one of the most distinguish writer in American literature. He was born in the South, and he wrote people, background and cases in the South. As the appearance of Faulkner, the South appeared the literary glories of “the South Renaissance", which ever was called “the literary desert."(Yu Jianhua, 2004: 460) Maybe there is never an American writer such as Faulkner who catches so many eyes of professors and critics. Even his short story, A Rose for Emily, some writers have discussed and explored it in many ways. However, this essay tries to discuss Faulkner's creative purpose in the gothic style, which had a great influence on European and American literature. And it is to discover something new to give the reader enlightenment and thinking.
B. The definition of gothic fiction
The word "Goth" came from the name of a Germanic trap. The gothic people were famous for their brutal and uncivilized qualities. They ever lived in north Europe , then invaded in Rome Empire around the third AD century to the fifth AD century, and set many kingdoms in Italy, Spain, south part of France and north Africa. A thousand years later, after the Rome Empire died out, Italian Vasari (1511--1574) used the "Goth" for the first time to refer to an architectural style in middle age, which was "tall sharp pointed, vaulted roof or tower ,narrow windows, colorful glass, darkness houses, gloomy ladders."(Xiao Minghan, 2001: 9) The so-called “Gothic Revival" appeared in aspects of architecture and literature during eighteenth century to nineteenth century, which was the gloomy and depressed tone in middle age. Meanwhile, some literary works enjoyed the same tone with "Gothic fiction" in the time. Take Horace Walpole for example, his "The Castle of Otranto" set an example for early classic gothic fiction. The birth of "Gothic fiction” is not only related with the "Gothic feeling" of the cemetery poetry of England, but related with the "Gothic style" aesthetic standard of Edmund Burke (1729--1797) as well.
C. The development of gothic fiction in modern time
The gothic style became prevail and spread quickly from England to the whole Europe and the U.S in the eighteenth century. And it had a great influence on American literature to some certain extent. Charles Brown...
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