Risk and Young People

Topics: Risk, Childhood, Occupational safety and health Pages: 5 (1509 words) Published: July 1, 2013
Assessment task- CYP Core 3.4 Support children and young people’s health and safety Providing a safe environment for children and young people requires knowledge of understanding of hazards and an ability to assess and manage risk. Task 1

* A description of the factors to take into account when planning health and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services. There are many factors you should take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments. These Factors are

Age and ability of the children- Must make sure the room is age appropriate and the equipment you are using. A room where babies are cared for will need to be warmer than the rest of the rooms, and must have facilities for changing nappies hygienically and the safe-provision of bottle feeds. Outdoor play for the older ones will need to be planned to allow physical play with minimum risks.

Individual needs of the children- One to one support with the children to help build up their confidence in the setting.

Sensory impairments- Children and young people with specific needs, such as a physical disability or a sensory impairment should have full access to the available activities.

Needs of families and carers- Planning should always recognise the needs of families for example, a child in a setting might have head lice. It is important for the practitioners to inform the parent so they can maintain their own and their family’s health

The duty of care- All practitioners who work with children and young people have a duty of care towards them. This means that children and young people’s health and safety should be the overriding principle when planning.

Desired outcomes for children and young people- Every setting must use the desired outcomes relevant to the age group of children provided for. Two desired outcomes in the EYFS are to be healthy by doing physical activities outdoors and indoors and also practitioners must make sure it is safe for the child. If the children are on a climbing frame it is good idea to have a soft ground e.g. bark in case the children fall.

Lines of responsibility and accountability – Each person working within a setting has a responsibility for the health and safety of children, young people and of staff. There should be a clear ‘line of responsibility’ so that each worker or practitioner knows to whom they should report to be accountable.

* An explanation of how health and safety is monitored and Maintained and how people in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards and encourage to work safely

One of the main reasons for maintaining a safe environment is accident prevention. The likelihood of different types of accidents occurring depends on the following factors

The age and development capabilities of the child and young person. For example, bicycle accidents are more likely for the older children. To be aware of this hazard you could have 4 bikes out at a time so the children can take it on turns on bikes. This way there will be fewer accidents because there are less children riding bikes outside. Another way from preventing this hazard is keep the children on bikes one side of the garden and the children who are not should be at the other end of the garden.

Accidents can involve things like choking and poisoning are more common in younger children. To prevent this from happening the nursery should have age appropriate toys for the babies to play with. Also practitioners should always pick up little bits of the floor to stop babies from picking them up and eating it.

The environment: In a nursery setting, you should always have a safe environment by keeping cleaning products out of reach and making sure that the room is appropriate for the age of the child. When the children go outside it is important to also make sure the environment is safe for them to use (gates locked, rubbish off floor, sharp objects put away from child’s...
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