STEPS IN A CASE STUDY
Identify the Problem of the
All studies require that a research problem
be identified and stated, and must be
simple, concise, and in clear terms. Such
problem will be the focus of a case study.
State the Objectives of the Study
The General and specific objectives of
the study must be categorically
expressed. Such objectives will be the
bases in conducting research activities.
Determine the Sources of Data
The research must identify his sources
of data or information, how he is going
to select his sources, what variables
are to be included and excluded, and
how these variables are to be selected
Determine the Procedures of
The researcher should identify the procedures
of data gathering, the tools used in data
gathering so that the researcher will be able to
proceed smoothly with the research activities
according to the time frame of the study.
Collate, Analyze, and
Interpret the Data
After gathering the
data, they are
and presented for
easy analysis and
Limitations or Weaknesses
of Case Study Method
1. The researcher may select convenient
cases, which are not typical for a case study.
2. The researcher may find difficulty
selecting the factors to be studied due to
different environmental settings and
3. Hypotheses cannot be tested due to small
sampling size and limited number of variables.
4.Reliable and genuine data may not be obtained
in some case studies due to limited primary
Experimental Methods of
Several Reasons For Conducting
Experiments in a Natural Setting:
1. To test the external validity of
a laboratory findings.
2. To improve conditions under
which people live and work.
Manipulation of One or
More Variables which
Characteristics of a Good
- Internal Validity
-if the cause and effect is interpretable,
that is by manipulating the independent
variable, it can cause a change in
An experiment is
reliable if the obtained
difference is likely to be
found again and if the
experiment is to be
-an experiment is sensitive if such
experiment is likely to detect the effect
of an independent variable even when
that effect is a small one.
-if the findings can be generalized to
individuals, settings,and conditions
beyond the scope of the particular
Purpose of Conducting
- To provide empirical tests of
hypotheses derived from theories.
-experiments can be used to test the
effectiveness of treatments and program.
Two Conditions for an
Three Conditions of Control:
-Plausible Alternative Courses
Please join StudyMode to read the full document